Australia has evolved like nowhere else in the world, its mix of wetland and rainforest combining with the harsh, arid central desert to create some unique wildlife species. The land ‘down under’ hosts such bizarre and wonderful creatures as kangaroo, koala, echidna, kookaburra and cassowary.
Borneo is one of the worlds great biodiversity hotspots. Malaysian Sabah and Sarawak diverse habitats support an array of intriguing flora and fauna. Ten hectares of rainforest here contain more tree species than all of North America; there are more bird species than in Europe, and as many mammals as in Australia.
India is an eclectic mix of old and new, and there are few places which stir people’s emotions to the same degree. Its wildlife is in a class of its own, and many superb lodges and camps are located close to key wildlife reserves whose naturalist guides will enhance any visit and ensure a rewarding experience.
At the heart of the Himalayas, overlooked by the world’s highest mountains, Nepal is a truly spectacular country with a rich blend of Buddhist and Hindu culture and a remarkably diverse range of habitat stretching from snow-capped mountains to low-lying forest, which give rise to an exceptional variety of birds and mammals
Papua New Guinea
The eastern half of New Guinea (the western portion belongs to Indonesia) has many offshore islands and a mountainous spine whose highest peak reaches 4,500 metres. Dense rainforest covers the lowland and coastal areas of the unexplored interior, where many species of plant and animal are yet to be discovered.
Sri Lanka’s national parks and diverse habitats are enhanced by the ruined cities of ancient dynasties. It has a sizeable leopard population, large herds of elephant and numerous endemic birds – creating a birdwatchers paradise, and its coastal waters have earned it a reputation as being one of the worlds best for whale watching.