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Latin America, with the fauna of the Amazon and its rainforests, the Pantanal wetland, the Galapagos Islands, the lofty Andes, the Patagonian steppe and the Falklands, is unbelievably rich in wildlife.


Brazil is dominated by the Amazon basin and its swathe of rainforest. However numerous national parks contain varied habitats ranging from coastal forest, savannah and mountain to the world’s largest wetland – the Pantanal – that house the greatest biodiversity on the planet. Attractions include imposing Iguaçu Falls and dazzling Atlantic beaches.

Dominican Republic

Each year between January and April, the largest gathering of North Atlantic humpback whales on the planet occurs at the Silver Bank, in the Caribbean Sea north of the Dominican Republic. Over this period as many as 3,000 of these remarkable creatures gather to court, mate and give birth.


Historically consisting of the region north of the Amazon and east of the Orinoco, Guiana was colonised by the Dutch and the British, before becoming independent Guyana in 1966. The country combines Caribbean coastal fauna and flora with Amazonian wildlife, including such species as the iconic jaguar and the beautiful Guianan cock-of-the-rock.


Lying between the United States and the Central American isthmus, Mexico has Gulf of Mexico/Caribbean and Pacific coastlines, separated by extensions of the Rocky Mountains. The volcanic Sierra Nevada runs east-west with peaks reaching over 5,000 metres. This contorted topography explains the region’s remarkable biodiversity.


Peru habitat is divided into three key regions. The Andes Mountains run parallel to the Pacific Ocean. The costa (coast), to the west, a narrow plain, largely arid except for valleys created by seasonal rivers. The third region is the selva (jungle), a wide expanse of flat terrain covered by the Amazon rainforest that extends east.