The Atacama Desert of northern Chile is, at 2,500 metres above sea level, the highest and also the driest desert in the world, giving the Atacama some unique features.
A pleasant climate year-round and a wonderful transparency of light it attracts photographers to the dramatic lunar landscapes of volcanoes, craters, rocks, salt flats and wetlands. In fact the desert looks so like the surface of the moon that it has been used as a test sight for lunar vehicles.
During the last half-century, the Antarctic Peninsula has experienced dramatic warming at rates several times the global mean. This warming has been the focus of considerable recent research, and substantial progress is now being made in understanding the causes and profound impacts of this warming.
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