The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is an important wetland area situated in the Sapta-Koshi River plain in the eastern corner of Nepal, close to the country’s southern border with India.
The reserve covers 175 square kilometres to the north of the kilometre-long barrage that spans the Koshi River. The vast expanse of open water and surrounding environment offers one of the most outstanding birdwatching sites in Asia (now recognised by Ramsar).
Koshi Tappu was originally established to protect the last remaining population of Asiatic wild buffalos in Nepal, but birds are the big draw here with the many small marshlands, pools and grasslands providing a haven for birds and birdwatchers alike. The vegetation near these banks holds many passerines and the finest birding sites in and outside the reserves are located between Koshi Camp and the barrage.
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