Piatra Craiului (King's Rock) has been a protected area since 1938, when an area of four square kilometres was declared a reserve. Since enlarged to 148 square kilometres, it is regarded as one of the most picturesque areas of the Carpathian mountains.
The massif is bordered by the Făgăraș Mountains in the northwest and those of the Bucegi in the east. The south side is a karst landscape of deep gorges and pitted slopes where water has carved out a series of caves at the junction of the Dâmbovița and Dâmbovicioara valleys.
Chamois and other large herbivores along with large carnivores – principally brown bears, wolves and lynx – inhabit the park, which has 270 butterfly species, many amphibians and reptiles, plus 110 bird and 17 bat species.
The flora includes some 300 species of fungus, 220 of lichen, 100 mosses, and 1,100 higher plants (one third of all those found in Romania!), of which 50 are endemic to the Carpathians, and two to the massif.
View suggested itinerary