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Situated in the Central Range of Trinidad, Tamana Caves are home to a variety of bat species, with numbers estimated as potentially up to three million individuals.

Eleven species of bat – out of a total of the 67 species found on Trinidad – live in the caves, including frugiverous (fruit-eating) bats, insectivorous bats and the greater spare-nosed bat (the largest in the New World) . Vampire bats are also thought to live deep in the interior.

To reach the caves, it takes around 35 minutes to walk from the drop-off point to the entrance along a trail past old plantations and through verdant forest. On reaching the caves, you descend from the walk-in mouth some 20 metres into the first chamber, where hundreds of bats fly all around you. If feeling intrepid, you can squeeze through a small hole to access the next chamber in the system.

Inside the caves you are advised to wear a long-sleeved shirt and long trousers to avoid contact with the bat guano that gathers on every surface, as well as the cockroaches and other bugs that live on the floor.  On your return to the surface, you wait by the cave mouths until dusk to see the spectacle of many thousands of bats emerging as they head into the forest to feed overnight. You can take amazing pictures using the flash on your camera to illuminate the bats as they rush past you.

View suggested itineraries

Key info

  • Ideal for viewing: greater spear-nosed bat, lesser spear-nosed bat, Trinidadian funnel-eared bat, Gonatodes gecko, long-nosed bat
  • Where: Trinidad, Trinidad & Tobago

Wildlife trips

This wildlife location is featured in the following itineraries:

A Carnival of Wildlife

Swing through the lesser known parts of Trinidad and Tobago to witness the diversity of its wildlife: Trinidad’s national bird – the iconic scarlet ibis, the curious cave-dwelling oilbird, the mysterious colony of bats at Tamana and the world's largest brain coral in Tobago.

  • When to go: Sep-Apr
  • Duration inc. flights: 10 days
  • Price inc. flights: From £2,795 pp
  • Trip type: Tailor-made trip idea

Caribbean Wilderness

Journey to the Caribbean to explore untouched rainforest, sprawling savannahs and tropical reefs that offer a variety of captivating wildlife encounters and incredible nature experiences. This itinerary combines birding in Trinidad with the diverse wildlife and scenery of Guyana, before a few days relaxation in Tobago.

  • When to go: Sep-Apr
  • Duration inc. flights: 19 days
  • Price inc. flights: From £7,645 pp
  • Trip type: Tailor-made trip idea
Suggested accommodation is shown below. Please contact us for further recommendations.

Hacienda Jacana

This small lodge is situated in the tranquil foothills of Trinidad’s Central Range, within easy driving distance of the Tamana Bat Caves. It has four fully-furnished wooden cottages set in 22 acres of private grounds, where you can enjoy birdwatching, kayaking on the lake, or simply relax around the swimming pool.